Essay on Is Teen Pregnancy a Problem?

According to the website, DailyRecord, often teens receive inappropriate information from videos, movies, or friends, which reflect on their attitude and approach towards the sex. Also, unsafe sex and incorrect information can increase the risk of various sexual diseases and infections. Often teen pregnancy is viewed as an effective way to gain attention and reputation among the friends and society Langham, Often culture and tradition play vital role in teenage pregnancy. It is customary in some customs and traditions for females to marry in early age and give birth soon after menstruation begins.

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Such customs are more identified in developing and poor countries. Marriage age in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and Western Asia is sixteen, eighteen, and nineteen years, respectively. Sexual abuse or rape is one of the basic causes of unintended pregnancy. According to the website, Love to Know , alcohol and drug addictions can cause pregnancy among teenagers. Often, teens experiment with alcohol and drugs.

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A Message to Health Care Professionals: Teen Pregnancy

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I am very appreciative of the excellent work you did on my paper. I got the highest mark in the class! I can highly recommend HelpMe. They provided an excellent paper, free of error, and ahead of a deadline. Early pregnancy significantly affects the lives of teen mothers. According to the data of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth NLSY , social, educational, economical attainment differ remarkably between teenage and mature mothers. According to its report, teen mothers bear 1. Also, there are more teen mothers aged 14 to 30 who are single mothers, than those women who delay pregnancy.

Loneliness, worries about future, and responsibilities in early age of physical and psychological development, trigger various mental disorders among teen mothers. They are prone to depression, chronic anxiety disorder, drugs, alcohol addiction, and suicidal behavior. Also, due to the lower educational attainment, teen mothers are less successful in their professional career.

According to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, in most of the teenage pregnancy cases, critical medical complications occur.


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Often, teens do not receive sufficient medical care during the pregnancy, leading to pregnancy complications, such as anemia, high blood pressure, toxemia, premature birth of the baby, or placenta previa Bodeeb, Teenage pregnancy not only brings a wide range of problems to the mother, but also to her child.

Pregnant teenagers are at greater risk of fetal distress, sudden infant death syndrome, and delivering a pre-mature baby. Even after the birth, the babies are at a higher risk of minor acute infections, accidental trauma, pre-mature complications, and poisoning. Children born to teenage mothers often suffer from social neglect, physical and mental abuse.

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Due to the poverty, such children do not receive adequate education, health care and other basic necessities. Parenting inexperience, poor family relationship and poverty affect the overall psychological and physical status of a child. Such children are prone to criminal and violent behaviors. Also, it has seen that children of teenage mothers are more likely to become teenage parents themselves Understanding Cause and Effects of Teenage Pregnancy, The economic costs of adolescent childbearing are endured not only by the teen mothers, but also by the taxpayers and the rest of the society.

Various reports and studies have regularly shown that teenage pregnancy causes significant negative effects on the health of both, the mother and child. Due to the poor educational qualification, teenage mothers often suffer from financial problems. Also, poor family relationship, inadequate health and education facilities, affect the physical and psychological development of their child, encouraging the criminal behavior and drug addiction among them.

Teenage pregnancy causes extra burden to the taxpayers too. In a way, in order to maintain the health of the society, and develop happy and peaceful society, it is essential to take revolutionary steps to restrain growing numbers of teenage pregnancies in the country. Strugling with your essay?

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Ask professionals to help you! Start Chat. Back to main Essays page. For this reason, some argue that a focus on teens fails to address the real problem and that much more attention needs to be given to preventing childbearing, or raising marriage rates, among single women who have already entered their adult years.

First, although a large proportion of non-marital births is to adult women, half of first non-marital births are to teens. Thus, the pattern tends to start in the teenage years, and, once teens have had a first child outside marriage, many go on to have additional children out of wedlock at an older age.

A number of programs aimed at preventing subsequent births to teen mothers have been launched but few have had much success. So, if we want to prevent out-of-wedlock childbearing and the growth of single-parent families, the teenage years are a good place to start. Second, teen childbearing is very costly. Third, although almost all single mothers face major challenges in raising their children alone, teen mothers are especially disadvantaged.

They are more likely to have dropped out of school and are less likely to be able to support themselves. Once on welfare, they are likely to remain there for a long time. In fact, half of all current welfare recipients had their first child as a teenager. Some research suggests that women who have children at an early age are no worse off than comparable women who delay childbearing. According to this research, many of the disadvantages accruing to early childbearers are related to their own disadvantaged backgrounds.

This research suggests that it would be unwise to attribute all of the problems faced by teen mothers to the timing of the birth per se. But even after taking background characteristics into account, other research documents that teen mothers are less likely to finish high school, less likely to ever marry, and more likely to have additional children outside marriage. Thus, an early birth is not just a marker of preexisting problems but a barrier to subsequent upward mobility. As Daniel Lichter of Ohio State University has shown, even those unwed mothers who eventually marry end up with less successful partners than those who delay childbearing.

As a result, even if married, these women face much higher rates of poverty and dependence on government assistance than those who avoid an early birth. And early marriages are much more likely to end in divorce. So marriage, while helpful, is no panacea. Fourth, the children of teen mothers face far greater problems than those born to older mothers. If the reason we care about stemming the growth of single-parent families is the consequences for children, and if the age of the mother is as important as her marital status, then focusing solely on marital status would be unwise.

Not only are mothers who defer childbearing more likely to marry, but with or without marriage, their children will be better off. The children of teen mothers are more likely than the children of older mothers to be born prematurely at low birth weight and to suffer a variety of health problems as a consequence. They are more likely to do poorly in school, to suffer higher rates of abuse and neglect, and to end up in foster care with all its attendant costs. The welfare law enacted in contained numerous provisions designed to reduce teen or out-of-wedlock childbearing including:. Research attempting to establish a link between one or more of these provisions and teen out-of-wedlock childbearing has, for the most part, failed to find a clear relationship.

One exception is child support enforcement, which appears to have had a significant effect in deterring unwed childbearing. Teen pregnancy and birthrates have both declined sharply in the s figure 1. The fact that these declines predated the enactment of federal welfare reform suggests that they were caused by other factors.

Causes and Effects of Teenage Pregnancy

However, it is worth noting that many states began to reform their welfare systems earlier in the decade under waivers from the federal government, so we cannot be sure. In addition, the declines appear to have accelerated in the second half of the decade after welfare reform was enacted. And finally, most of the decline in the early s was the result of a decrease in second or higher order births to women who were already teen mothers.

This decrease was related in part to the popularity of new and more effective methods of birth control among this group. It was not until the second half of the decade that a significant drop in first births to teens occurred. Isabel V. Teen birthrates had also declined in the s and early s but in this earlier period all of the decline was due to increased abortion.

Significantly, all of the teen birthrate decreases in the s were due to fewer pregnancies, not more abortions. Equally significant is the fact that teens are now having less sex. Up until the s, despite some progress in convincing teens to use contraception, teen pregnancy rates continued to rise because an increasing number of teens were becoming sexually active at an early age, thereby putting themselves at risk of pregnancy.

This essay is a problem solution essay about teenage pregnacy. - WriteWork

More recently, both better contraceptive use and less sex have contributed to the lowering of rates. Given that four out of five teen births are to an unwed mother, this drop in the teen birthrate contributed to the leveling off of the proportion of children born outside marriage after figure 2.

More specifically, if teen birthrates had held at the levels reached in the early s, by this proportion would have been more than a full percentage point higher. Thus, a focus on teenagers has a major role to play in future reductions of both out-of-wedlock childbearing and the growth of single-parent families.

Although the immediate causes of the decline-less sex and more contraception-are relatively well established, it is less clear what might have motivated teens to choose either one.

However, many experts believe it was some combination of greater public and private efforts to prevent teen pregnancy, the new messages about work and child support embedded in welfare reform, more conservative attitudes among the young, fear of AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, the availability of more effective forms of contraception, and perhaps the strong economy.

Some of these factors have undoubtedly interacted, making it difficult to ever sort out their separate effects. For example, fear of AIDS may have made teenagers-males in particular, for whom pregnancy has traditionally been of less concern-more cautious and willing to listen to new messages.


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The Ku study also linked this shift in adolescent male attitudes to a change in their behavior. The Child Trends study, conducted by Richard Wertheimer and his associates at the Urban Institute, surveyed all 50 states in both and The survey shows that states have dramatically increased their efforts to reduce teen pregnancy figure 3. These efforts include everything from the formation of statewide task forces to more emphasis on sex education in the public schools and statewide media campaigns.