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Puri Wira Mahkota. Lihat Selengkapnya. Destruction of organic matter affects the structure of the soil adversely and soil is laid bare to the action of elements viz. Fire also makes soil compact and impervious. Consequently, soil erosion starts resulting in loss of top fertile soil.
Repeated fires degenerate an evergreen forest into inferior deciduous forest or even grass lands in extreme cases. Valuable species disappear and are replaced by inferior fire hardy species. Density and increment of forest is reduced and it affects the yield.
As timber becomes defective, it fetches lesser price in the market. Forest can discharge its protective functions when it is a forest in the real sense, i. As already stated, even an ordinary fire burns down the ground cover and undergrowth completely and therefore, it affects the protective power of forest. When protective power of forest is reduced, the result is increase in soil erosion and run-off.
Fire increases flood havoc as it destroys the protective cover of the watershed. Heavy rains on newly denuded slopes result in devastating floods. Forest fires result in enormous loss to wild animals, birds, insects and other fauna. It burns not only the eggs or young ones but sometimes even the bigger animals also.
As the destruction of fauna destroys a valuable part of the eco-system, natural equilibrium is seriously affected with consequent adverse effect on vegetation itself. As fire destroys the greenery of the forest, it destroys its recreational and scenic value.
Essay on Save Forests
The forest, no longer remains a fit place for recreation as the ground is littered with ash and the blackened stem of the shrubs and lower portions of the boles of bigger trees make the entire place desolate. This method cannot be applied on a large scale in our forests because of dearth of water. Water is, however, used, after the fire has been controlled, in extinguishing burning stumps near the line of control as sparks from such stumps, which may keep smoldering for weeks, can start fresh fires.
Though earth can be dug out at site, it is a time-consuming operation.
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Therefore earth is also not used to extinguish fires. Like water, it is only used to extinguish smouldering stumps near the line of control after the fire has been extinguished. The best way to extinguish all mild surface fires is to beat them out. For beating out fires, brooms are made by cutting branches of shrubs and then men standing near the fire beat it back with the brooms. Brooms should not be struck vertically as this often results in spreading sparks in unburnt area.
They should be struck in a slanting manner so that the fire is pushed inside the burnt area. As already stated this method can be used in case of fire which is mild and therefore fire extinguishing men can stand close to it. When the fire is so fierce that men cannot stand close to the burning front to beat it out, it is extinguished by counter-firing which is defined as an attempt to extinguish an advancing fire by deliberately burning the forest from the opposite direction.
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When a fire is started some distance away from an advancing fire and is made to proceed towards it, the two fires meet and get extinguished. This happens because the advancing fire finds before it a burnt strip and therefore gets extinguished. In order to counter-fire, a fire trace is made.
A fire trace is defined as a cleared often burnt line used as a base from which to counter-fire. Upload Your Knowledge on Environmental Pollution:. Upload Now. Forests are essential for the sustainability of planet earth. Forests command great influence on the climate, soil, and environment of our world.
Essay on Forests in Hindi – जंगलों के लाभ पर निबंध
Forests prevent floods and reduce soil erosion by regulating the flow of water. Adequate forest cover also ensures a sustainable and safe environment. Forest helps in increasing the humidity of the air and cause greater rainfall. They also help in increasing the soil fertility. They protect the adjoining crops by reducing the velocity of the storms. We can Save forests stopping the cutting of trees stop deforestation , establishing new forests afforestation and reestablishing old forests reforestation.
The need to preserve forest essay in english » Original content
A comprehensive programme of afforestation is the urgent need of the hour, but success in it can be achieved only through the co-operation of the local people. Deforestation and population explosion are closely interconnected. Hence, no programme of checking deforestation can be successful without a corresponding programme of population control. The forest conservation programs that are undertaken are scientific. The forests areas are maintained and planted with trees under the Forest conservation programs.