Sample Documents and Supplemental Materials

Your abstract summary is a way to introduce readers to your research topic, the questions that will be answered, the process you took, and any findings or conclusions you drew. This summary should not be indented, but should be double-spaced and less than words. If applicable, help researchers find your work in databases by listing keywords from your paper after your summary.

How to format an APA abstract

To do this, indent and type Keywords : in italics. Then list your keywords that stand out in your research. Start with the Running title On the next line write the title do not bold, underline, or italicize the title Begin with the introduction. The introduction presents the problem and premise upon which the research was based.

What are the paper sections?

It goes into more detail about this problem than the abstract. Begin a new section with the Method. Bold and center this subtitle The Method section shows how the study was run and conducted. Be sure to describe the methods through which data was collected. Begin a new section with the Results.

You will use the same alphabetical designations in your in-text citations that you do in your References section. For example, if the Franklin review article you are citing includes a useful quote by Adams that supports your paper, your in-text citation would look like this:. When citing an entire website with no specific webpage or article given , simply provide the title and web address within the text of your paper. No citation is needed in the References.

APA Styling – Writing a Research Report (Experimental paper) – Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

A webpage with an individual author or authors should be cited in the same way as other texts, with the name or names written first, followed by the publication year. Even when some central information is missing from a website e. You must be logged in to post a comment. Remember Me. Log in.

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Academic Resources. Why Use In-Text Citation? Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Verb tense used in referring to other works APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research.

Capitalization Always capitalize author names and initials in in-text citations. In-text Citation Rules for Long Quotations Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row. According to Khan , new researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies. New researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies Khan, , p. Marsh, ; Johnson, Citing Works by the Same Author with the Same Publication Year When citing two or more sources with the same author and year of publication, assign lowercase letters directly after the year of publication a, b, c according to alphabetical order of titles.

Writing a Research Report in American Psychological Association (APA) Style

List the references alphabetically according to the citation. The previous tips are basic for all research papers; but, there are some things you need to remember specifically about the APA style. Hopefully, these writing tips for APA-style research papers will be useful for you the next time you need to submit a research paper.

By continuing, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Please set a username for yourself. People will see it as Author Name with your public flash cards. Basic Tips. Follow the APA Style The best tip for writers of research papers is to become familiar with the APA style and write your reports and papers according to their guidelines.

Use the Standard Organizational Sections The basic sections of a scientific report or paper are the abstract, introduction, method experimental, hypothesis , results and conclusions. Abstract The abstract of any scientific paper is designed to reveal what research was performed and to give a very brief summary of the results obtained. The abstract should include a basic description of the work being reported. Introduction The introduction is much more extensive in scope.

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The introduction concludes by declaring the hypothesis of the research. Method The method section is sometimes referred to as the experimental section. Results Analysis of the data is conducted in the results section. A comparison is also made with results obtained using other methods of measurements. Discussion Conclusions The discussion section clearly states whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported by the experiments. Based on the results, comments are made as to the importance of these studies.

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