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Would it be considered plagiarism or copyright issue if someone mistypes a link of source i. Retrieved from www.

Citation for Beginners

Thanks for your question! Having a typo in a reference doesn't constitute plagiarism or copyright infringement assuming it is unintentional. The rest of the information in an APA reference can still be used to identify and locate the original source, although it would take a little more time. If you would like to know more about plagiarism I recommend reading our article on the types of plagiarism.

Referencing and bibliographies

That's good question! The format is as follows: Lastname A.

Article title. I've found this article on the apa style blog which you might find useful. I hope this helps! Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Generate your APA citations for free! Date updated: October 11, The APA reference page is a separate page at the end of your paper where all sources you cited in the main text are listed. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example.

Is this article helpful? She has worked as a freelance writer and editor since , and joined the Scribbr team as an editor in June She loves helping students and academics all over the world improve their writing and learning about their research while doing so!

Other students also liked. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: Field, For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: Field, , p. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers , use a paragraph number. More information on citing sources without pagination is given on the APA Style web page. Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech.

Derwing et al. Derwing, T. Teaching native speakers to listen to foreign-accented speech. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23 4 , Thomas, H.

University of Colorado, Boulder. Cite web pages in text as you would any other source, using the author and date if known. If the author is not known, use the title and the date as the in-text citation for long titles just use the first few words. Your in-text citation should lead your reader to the corresponding entry in the reference list. For sources with no date use n.

Follow your instructor's guidance regarding in-text citations. Chicago and Turabian a simplified version of Chicago style style research papers may use either footnotes or parenthetical citations to cite references in the body of your paper. Footnotes are essentially the same as the full citation, although the first and last names of the authors aren't inverted.

For parenthetical citations, Chicago uses the Author-Date format. For example: " Kringle and Frost Method 3. Start with the authors of the paper. Invert the names of the authors so that you list their last names first, followed by their first names. Separate multiple authors with commas. Provide the title of the research paper. In MLA, enclose the title and subtitle in quotation marks.


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Capitalize most words, but not short articles or conjunctions unless they are the first word of the title or subtitle. Identify the paper's location. MLA operates on the concept of containers.

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Your paper is part of a larger whole, which may be part of an even larger whole. In your citation, list the smallest container first, followed by the larger, all the way up to the largest. Your citation might be: "Kringle, Kris, and Frost, Jack.

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University of Alaska Library Archives. Accessed December 24, Use parenthetical references in the body of your work. After you mention something in your paper that requires you to cite the research paper, place the names of the authors in parentheses along with the page number where the information appears.

Method 4. An AMA citation begins with the names of the authors or editors of the paper.

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Cite Your Sources - Start Your Research - Library Guides at University of California, Santa Cruz

Use no punctuation apart from a comma between names. If there are more than 6 authors, list the first 3 followed by the abbreviation "et al. Provide the title in sentence case. In sentence case, you only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns included in the title of the article.

If there is a subtitle, include it after a colon with an initial capital at the beginning of the subtitle. Include journal information if the paper was published. A research paper that was published in an academic journal should be treated like any other journal article. Include the abbreviated title of the journal in italics, followed by the year of publication, issue number, and pages where the paper appears. Nat Med. Provide location information if the paper hasn't been published.